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2,5-DINITROTOLUENEICSC: 1591
2-Methyl-1,4-dinitrobenzene
2,5-DNT
Toluene, 2,5-dinitro-
June 2006
CAS #: 619-15-8
UN #: 3454
EC Number: 210-581-4

  ACUTE HAZARDS PREVENTION FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE & EXPLOSION Combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.  Finely dispersed particles form explosive mixtures in air.  NO open flames.  Closed system, dust explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Prevent deposition of dust.  Use water spray, powder, foam, carbon dioxide.  In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. Combat fire from a sheltered position. 

 AVOID ALL CONTACT!  
  SYMPTOMS PREVENTION FIRST AID
Inhalation Cough. Sore throat. Blue lips, fingernails and skin.  Use local exhaust or breathing protection.  Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention. 
Skin MAY BE ABSORBED! Redness. Pain.  Protective clothing. Protective gloves.  Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer for medical attention . 
Eyes Redness. Pain.  Wear safety goggles.  Rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible). 
Ingestion Blue lips, fingernails and skin. Dizziness. Headache. Nausea. Confusion. Convulsions. Unconsciousness.  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.  Rinse mouth. Give a slurry of activated charcoal in water to drink. Refer for medical attention . 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL CLASSIFICATION & LABELLING
Consult an expert! Personal protection: chemical protection suit including self-contained breathing apparatus. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Sweep spilled substance into sealable containers. Carefully collect remainder. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations. 

According to UN GHS Criteria

 

Transportation
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 6.1; UN Pack Group: II 

STORAGE
Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants, food and feedstuffs and incompatible materials. See Chemical Dangers. Well closed. Keep in a well-ventilated room. Store in an area without drain or sewer access. Provision to contain effluent from fire extinguishing. 
PACKAGING
Unbreakable packaging.
Put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container.
Severe marine pollutant.
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs. 
2,5-DINITROTOLUENE ICSC: 1591
PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL INFORMATION

Physical State; Appearance
YELLOW-TO-ORANGE-YELLOW CRYSTALS WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR. 

Physical dangers
Dust explosion possible if in powder or granular form, mixed with air. 

Chemical dangers
May explode on heating. Decomposes on heating. This produces toxic fumes including nitrogen oxides even in the absence of air. Reacts with strong oxidants. Reacts with reducing agents, strong bases, amines, zinc and tin. 

Formula: C7H6N2O4
Molecular mass: 182.14
Boiling point: 284°C
Melting point: 52.5°C
Density: 1.3 g/cm³
Solubility in water, g/100ml at 20°C: 0.03 (very poor)
Relative vapour density (air = 1): 6.3
Flash point: 207°C c.c.
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 2.03 (estimated) 


EXPOSURE & HEALTH EFFECTS

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation, through the skin and by ingestion. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance is irritating to the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. The substance may cause effects on the blood. This may result in the formation of methaemoglobin. The effects may be delayed. Medical observation is indicated. 

Inhalation risk
A harmful concentration of airborne particles can be reached quickly when dispersed. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
The substance may have effects on the blood. This may result in the formation of methaemoglobin. This substance is possibly carcinogenic to humans. 


OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS
 

ENVIRONMENT
The substance is toxic to aquatic organisms. It is strongly advised not to let the chemical enter into the environment. 

NOTES
Combustion in a confined space may turn into detonation.
Specific treatment is necessary in case of poisoning with this substance; the appropriate means with instructions must be available.
Do NOT take working clothes home.
See ICSCs 0726, 0727, 0728 and 0729. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
  EC Classification
Symbol: T, N; R: 45-23/24/25-48/22-62-68-51/53; S: 53-45-61; Note: E 

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       Toxicological Abbreviations