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ETHIDIUM BROMIDEICSC: 1676
October 2006
CAS #: 1239-45-8Phenanthridinium, 3,8-diamino-5-ethyl-6-phenyl-, bromide
2,7-Diamino-10-ethyl-9-phenylphenanthridinium bromide
Homidium bromide
UN #: 2811
EINECS #: 214-984-6

  ACUTE HAZARDS PREVENTION FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE & EXPLOSION Combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.    NO open flames. NO contact with strong oxidizing agents.    Use water spray, powder, alcohol-resistant foam, carbon dioxide.   

 AVOID ALL CONTACT!  
  SYMPTOMS ACUTE HAZARDS FIRST AID
Inhalation Cough.  Use local exhaust. Use breathing protection.  Fresh air, rest. 
Skin   Protective gloves.  Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. 
Eyes Redness.  Wear safety goggles.  Rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible). 
Ingestion Sore throat.  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.  Rinse mouth. 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL CLASSIFICATION & LABELLING
Sweep spilled substance into sealable containers. Then wash away with plenty of water. 

According to UN GHS Criteria

excl mark;warncancer;health haz
DANGER
Harmful if swallowed
Suspected of causing genetic defects 

Transportation
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 6.1; UN Pack Group: I 

STORAGE
Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants and food and feedstuffs. 
PACKAGING
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs. 
ETHIDIUM BROMIDE ICSC: 1676
PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL INFORMATION

Physical State; Appearance
RED-TO-BROWN CRYSTALS. 

Physical dangers
 

Chemical dangers
Decomposes on heating. This produces toxic gases including hydrogen bromide (see ICSC 0282) and nitrogen oxides (see ICSCs 0930 and 1311). Reacts violently with strong oxidants. 

Formula: C21H20N3.Br
Molecular mass: 394.4
Melting point: 238-240°C
Density: 0.34 g/cm³
Solubility in water, g/100ml at 20°C: 5
Vapour pressure at 25°C: negligible
Flash point: >100 °C
Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: -1.1  


EXPOSURE & HEALTH EFFECTS

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation and by ingestion. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance is irritating to the eyes and respiratory tract. 

Inhalation risk
A harmful concentration of airborne particles can be reached quickly when dispersed, especially if powdered. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
See Notes. 


Occupational exposure limits
MAK: carcinogen category: 3B; germ cell mutagen group: 3B 

ENVIRONMENT
 

NOTES
Environmental effects from the substance have not been investigated.
Health effects of exposure to the substance have not been investigated adequately. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
  EC Classification
 

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    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations