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BROMINE CHLORIDE
ICSC: 1713
Peer-Review Status: 31.03.2009 Validated
Bromochloride 
CAS #: 13863-41-7 RTECS #: EF9200000
UN #: 2901
EINECS #: 237-601-4
    Formula: BrCl
Molecular mass: 115.4

TYPES OF
HAZARD /
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS      PREVENTION      FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Not combustible but enhances combustion of other substances. Many reactions may cause fire or explosion. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.  NO contact with flammables. NO contact with incompatible substances. See Chemical Dangers.  In case of fire in the surroundings, use appropriate extinguishing media. 
EXPLOSION Risk of fire and explosion. See Chemical Dangers.    In case of fire: keep cylinder cool by spraying with water. NO direct contact with water. 
 
EXPOSURE   AVOID ALL CONTACT!  IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR! 
Inhalation Cough. Sore throat. Shortness of breath. Wheezing. Laboured breathing. Symptoms may be delayed. See Notes.  Use breathing protection. Use closed system and ventilation.  Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Refer immediately for medical attention. Artificial respiration may be needed. See Notes. 
Skin Redness. Burning sensation. Pain. Serious skin burns.  Cold-insulating gloves. Protective clothing.  First rinse with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, then remove contaminated clothes and rinse again. Refer immediately for medical attention. 
Eyes Watering of the eyes. Redness. Blurred vision. Pain. Burns.  Wear face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.  Rinse with plenty of water (remove contact lenses if easily possible). Refer immediately for medical attention. 
Ingestion   Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.   

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL
PACKAGING & LABELLING
Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: gas-tight chemical protection suit including self-contained breathing apparatus. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Ventilation. Remove gas with fine water spray. Shut off cylinder if possible. Isolate the area until the gas has dispersed. NEVER direct water jet on liquid.  Do not transport with food and feedstuffs. 
EC Classification
 
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 2.3; UN Subsidiary Risks: 5.1 and 8 
GHS Classification
Signal: Danger
Contains refrigerated gas; may cause cryogenic burns or injury
May intensify fire; oxidizer
May be corrosive to metals
May be harmful if inhaled
Causes severe skin burns and eye damage
May cause respiratory irritation
May cause damage to lungs through prolonged or repeated exposure if inhaled
Very toxic to aquatic life 
flam circlecylinder;gascorrcancer;health hazenviro;aqua

EMERGENCY RESPONSE SAFE STORAGE
  Fireproof if in building. Provision to contain effluent from fire extinguishing. Separated from food and feedstuffs. See Chemical Dangers. Cool. Dry. Keep in a well-ventilated room. Store in an area without drain or sewer access. 

IMPORTANT DATA
Physical State; Appearance
GAS WITH PUNGENT ODOUR. 

Physical dangers
No data. 

Chemical dangers
Unstable substance. Decomposes partly at room temperature to chlorine and bromine. Decomposes on contact with moisture. This produces toxic gases including chlorine (see ICSC 0126) and bromine (see ICSC 0107). The substance is a strong oxidant. It reacts violently with combustible and reducing materials. 

Occupational exposure limits
TLV not established.
MAK (not established):. 

Routes of exposure
Serious local effects by all routes of exposure. 

Inhalation risk
On loss of containment, a harmful concentration of this gas in the air will be reached very quickly, especially in confined spaces. 

Effects of short-term exposure
Lachrymation. The substance is corrosive to the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. Inhalation may cause asthma-like reactions. Inhalation may cause pneumonitis. Inhalation may cause lung oedema, but only after initial corrosive effects on eyes and/or airways have become manifest. See Notes. Exposure could cause death. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
The substance may have effects on the respiratory tract and lungs. This may result in chronic inflammation and impaired functions. 


PHYSICAL PROPERTIES ENVIRONMENTAL DATA
Boiling point: 5°C
Melting point: -66°C
Density (at 25°C): 2.32 g/ml
Solubility in water, g/100ml at 25°C: (good)
Vapour pressure, kPa at 25°C: 2.368  
The substance is very toxic to aquatic organisms. It is strongly advised not to let the chemical enter into the environment. 

NOTES
The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort. Rest and medical observation are therefore essential.
Immediate administration of an appropriate inhalation therapy by a doctor, or by an authorized person, should be considered.
The odour warning when the exposure limit value is exceeded is insufficient.
Do NOT use in the vicinity of a fire or a hot surface, or during welding.
Do NOT spray water on a leaking cylinder (to prevent corrosion of the cylinder).
Turn leaking cylinder with the leak up to prevent escape of gas in liquid state.
See also ICSC 0107 (Bromine) and 126 (Chlorine). 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
 

IPCS
International
Programme on
Chemical Safety
WHO ILO EC Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety and the European Commission
© IPCS 2004-2012
LEGAL NOTICE Neither the EC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the EC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information.


    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations