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    AGP:1970/M/12/1

    WHO/FOOD ADD/71.42

    1970 EVALUATIONS OF SOME PESTICIDE RESIDUES IN FOOD

    THE MONOGRAPHS

    Issued jointly by FAO and WHO

    The content of this document is the result of the deliberations of the
    Joint Meeting of the FAO Working Party of Experts and the WHO Expert
    Group on Pesticide Residues, which met in Rome, 9-16 November, 1970.

    FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

    WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION

    Rome, 1971

    AGP:1970/M/12/1

    WHO/FOOD ADD/71.42

    1970 EVALUATIONS OF SOME PESTICIDE RESIDUES IN FOOD

    THE MONOGRAPHS

    Issued jointly by FAO and WHO

    The content of this document is the result of the deliberations of the
    Joint Meeting of the FAO Working Party of Experts and the WHO Expert
    Group on Pesticide Residues, which met in Rome, 9-16 November, 1970.

    FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

    WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION

    Rome, 1971

    APPENDIX I


        APPENDIX I

    INDEX TO DOCUMENTATION AND SUMMARY OF RECOMMENDATIONS CONCERNING ACCEPTABLE DAILY INTAKES, TOLERANCES, AND PRACTICAL
    RESIDUE LIMITS, AS OF DECEMBER 1970 *
                                                                                                                                                

                           FAO/WHO         Maximum
                           publication     acceptable                                     Practical residue
                           dates           daily intake    Tolerances                     limits
    Pesticide              (see list of    (mg/kg body     (ppm) 2                        (ppm) 2                  Remarks
                           references) 1   weight)

                                                                    Blank spaces indicate no recommendations made
                                                                                                                                                

    acrylonitrile          1965c

    aldrin                 1967b,          0.0001                                                                  See also dieldrin.
                           1968b

    allethrin              1965b

    arsenic (as calcium    1969b
    or lead arsenate)

    azinphos-methyl        1969b           0.0025          Apricots, grapes      4 b
                                                           Other fruit           1 b
                                                           Vegetables            0.5 c

    BHC (mixture of        1969b
    isomers)

    binapacryl             1970b           0.0025          Peaches, cherries     1
                                                           Apples, pears, grapes 0.5
                                                           Plums                 0.3
                                                           Nectarines            0.2
                                                                                                                                                
    * Further details concerning the recommendations will be found in the original documents referred to in the second column. Explanatory
      notes are given at the end of this table.

    APPENDIX I (cont'd)
                                                                                                                                                 
                           FAO/WHO          Maximum
                           publication      acceptable                                    Practical residue
                           dates            daily intake   Tolerances                     limits
    Pesticide              (see list of     (mg/kg body    (ppm) 2                        (ppm) 2                  Remarks
                           references) 1    weight)

                                                             Blank spaces indicate no recommendations made
                                                                                                                                                 
    bromide (inorganic     1969b,           1              Spices, herbs         400 a                             Tolerance for dried eggs
    form, derived from     1970b                           Raw cereals,                                            suspended at 1969 Meeting
    bromine-containing     Previously                      wholemeal flour       50                                pending review and
    fumigants and other    considered                      Dried figs            250 a                             clarification in 1971.
    sources)               under                           Dried raisins,                                          Recommendations                                                     
                           ethylene                        dried dates           100 a                             relate exclusively to
                           dibromide                       Dried peaches         50 a                              inorganic bromide.
                           or methyl                       Dried prunes          20 a                              Tolerances not
                           bromide                         Other dried fruit     30 a                              recommended for unchanged
                                                           Avocados              75 a                              fumigant. Current work
                                                           Citrus fruit,                                           on status of residues
                                                           strawberries          30 a                              in various products to
                                                           Other fresh fruit     20 a                              be reviewed in 1971.

    calcium arsenate       1969b

    captafol               1970b           0.05 c          Peaches               15 c                              Recommendations relate
                                                           Cherries (sour)       10 c                              only to parent substance.
                                                           Cherries (sweet)      2 c                               Referred to as
                                                           Tomatoes              5 c                               "difolatan" on p. 18
                                                           Melons (whole)        2 c                               of FAO/WHO 1969a.
                                                           Cucumbers (whole)     1 c
                                                           Apricots              0.5 c
                                                           Plums                 0.2 c

    captan                 1970b           0.125 c         Apples, cherries      40 c                              Monograph in 1965b is
                                                           Pears                 30 c                              obsolete.
                                                           Apricots              20 c

    APPENDIX I (cont'd)
                                                                                                                                                 
                           FAO/WHO          Maximum
                           publication      acceptable                                    Practical residue
                           dates            daily intake   Tolerances                     limits
    Pesticide              (see list of     (mg/kg body    (ppm) 2                        (ppm) 2                  Remarks
                           references) 1    weight)

                                                             Blank spaces indicate no recommendations made
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                           Citrus fruit, 
                                                           peaches, plums,       15 c
                                                           rhubarb, tomatoes
                                                           Strawberries, 
                                                           raspberries, 
                                                           cranberries, 
                                                           cucumbers, lettuce, 
                                                           green beans,
                                                           peppers               10 c
                                                           Raisins               5 c

    carbaryl               1987b,          0.01 c          Raspberries,                                            Earlier tolerances reviewed
                           1968b,                          blackberries,                                           at 1969 Meeting In light of
                           1969b,                          boysenberries,                                          Codex comments. Tolerance
                           1970b,                          peaches, nectarines,                                    on whole milk temporarily
                           1971                            asparagus, okra,                                        withdrawn (see monograph).
                                                           leafy vegetables      10 c
                                                           (except brassica),  
                                                           nuts (whole), olives 
                                                           (fresh) Citrus fruit,        
                                                           strawberries,
                                                           blueberries           7 c

                                                           Apples, bananas 
                                                           (pulp), grapes, 
                                                           beans, peas 
                                                           (including pod), 
                                                           brassica, tomatoes,
                                                           peppers, eggplant,
                                                           poultry (skin)        5 c

    APPENDIX I (cont'd)
                                                                                                                                                 
                           FAO/WHO          Maximum
                           publication      acceptable                                    Practical residue
                           dates            daily intake   Tolerances                     limits
    Pesticide              (see list of     (mg/kg body    (ppm) 2                        (ppm) 2                  Remarks
                           references) 1    weight)

                                                             Blank spaces indicate no recommendations made
                                                                                                                                                 

                                                           - Poultry (total) 
                                                           (edible portions)     0.5 c

                                                           Cucurbits (including
                                                           melons)               3 c
                                                           Rice                  2.5 c


                                                           Cottonseed (whole), 
                                                           sweet corn 
                                                           (kernels), nuts 
                                                           (shelled), olives 
                                                           (processed), meat
                                                           of cattle, goats,
                                                           and sheep             1 c
                                                           Potatoes              0.2 c

    carbon                 1965c,
    disulfide              1968b,
                           1970a

    carbon                 1965c,
    tetrachloride          1968b,
                           1970a

    chlorbenside           1965b           0.01

    APPENDIX I (cont'd)
                                                                                                                                                 
                           FAO/WHO          Maximum
                           publication      acceptable                                    Practical residue
                           dates            daily intake   Tolerances                     limits
    Pesticide              (see list of     (mg/kg body    (ppm) 2                        (ppm) 2                  Remarks
                           references) 1    weight)

                                                             Blank spaces indicate no recommendations made
                                                                                                                                                 

    chlordane              1968b,          0.001           - Potatoes, sweet              - Milk and               Expressed as the sum of the
                           1970b,                          potatoes rutabagas,            milk                     cis-and trans- isomers in
                           1971                            turnips, parsnips,             products                 plant products and as the
                                                           sugar beet, radishes  0.3      (fat basis)   0.05       sum of cis-and trans-isomers
                                                           - Asparagus, broccoli,         - Fat of meat            and oxychlordane in
                                                           Brussels sprouts,              and poultry   0.05       animal products.
                                                           cabbage, celery,               - Eggs (shell            Tolerances apply to residues
                                                           cauliflower, mustard           free)         0.02       resulting from soil or
                                                           greens, spinach,                                        seed treatments apart
                                                           Swiss chard,                                            from that
                                                           lettuce               0.2                               for cottonseed oil.


                                                           - Beans, peas, egg
                                                           plant, tomatoes, 
                                                           collards 
                                                           (= coleworts)         0.02
    chlordane                                              - Wheat, rye, oats,
    (continued)                                            rice (polished), 
                                                           maize, popcorn,
                                                           sorghum               0.05
                                                           - Cantaloupes, 
                                                           cucumbers, pumpkins, 
                                                           squash, watermelons   0.1

    APPENDIX I (cont'd)
                                                                                                                                                 
                           FAO/WHO          Maximum
                           publication      acceptable                                    Practical residue
                           dates            daily intake   Tolerances                     limits
    Pesticide              (see list of     (mg/kg body    (ppm) 2                        (ppm) 2                  Remarks
                           references) 1    weight)

                                                             Blank spaces indicate no recommendations made
                                                                                                                                                 

                                                           - Almonds, bananas, 
                                                           figs, filberts, 
                                                           guavas, mangoes, 
                                                           olives, passion 
                                                           fruit, papayas, 
                                                           pecans, pomegranates,
                                                           pineapples, 
                                                           strawberries, walnuts 0.1
                                                           - Citrus, pome, and 
                                                           stone fruits          0.02
                                                           - Crude soya bean 
                                                           and linseed, oils     0.5
                                                           - Crude cottonseed
                                                             oil                 0.1
                                                           - Edible cottonseed
                                                             oil                 0.02
                                                           - Edible soya bean
                                                             oil                 0.02

    chlorfenson            1965b           0.01                                                                    Erroneously omitted from
                                                                                                                   Annex 2 of Ref. 1969a.

    chlormequat            1971

    chlorobenzilate        1969b           0.02            Apples, pears (whole
                                                           fruit)                5 b
                                                           Citrus fruit (whole)  1 b
                                                           Almonds, walnuts
                                                           (without shells)      0.2 b
                                                           Melons, cantaloupes   1 b

    APPENDIX I (cont'd)
                                                                                                                                                 
                           FAO/WHO          Maximum
                           publication      acceptable                                    Practical residue
                           dates            daily intake   Tolerances                     limits
    Pesticide              (see list of     (mg/kg body    (ppm) 2                        (ppm) 2                  Remarks
                           references) 1    weight)

                                                             Blank spaces indicate no recommendations made
                                                                                                                                                 

    chloropicrin           1965c

    chloropropylate        1969b           0.01 b          Apples, pears,                                          ADI is temporary; this fact
                                           (see            citrus fruit (whole)  3 b                               was erroneously omitted
                                           remarks)        Tomatoes, cantaloupes 1 b                               from Annex 2 of Ref. 1969a
                                                                                                                   and from Appendix I of Ref.
                                                                                                                   1970a. See monograph, Ref.
                                                                                                                   1969b, p. 62.

    chlorpropham           1965b

    chlorthion             1965b

    coumaphos              1969b           0.0005 b        Eggs (shell-free)     0.05 b                            To be determined as
                                                           Meat (including                                         and oxygen analogue
                                                           poultry (on fat       0.5 b                             and expressed as coumaphos.
                                                           basis)

    crufomate              1969b           0.1             Whole milk            0.05 b
                                                           Meat (fat basis)      1 b

    2, 4-D                 1971

    APPENDIX I (cont'd)
                                                                                                                                                 
                           FAO/WHO          Maximum
                           publication      acceptable                                    Practical residue
                           dates            daily intake   Tolerances                     limits
    Pesticide              (see list of     (mg/kg body    (ppm) 2                        (ppm) 2                  Remarks
                           references) 1    weight)

                                                             Blank spaces indicate no recommendations made
                                                                                                                                                 

    DDT                    1967b,          0.005           Apples, pears,                 Whole milk    0.05       ADI is "conditional".
                           1968b,          (see            peaches, apricots,             Milk                     Tolerance on fish withdrawn
                           1969b,          remarks)        small fruit (except            products                 at 1969 Meeting.
                           1970b                           strawberries),                 (fat basis)   1.25       Limits apply to DDT,
                                                           vegetables (except                                      DDD and DDE singly
                                                           root), meat or                                          or in combination.
                                                           poultry (on fat                Eggs (shell-             Tolerances
                                                           basis)                7        free)         0.5        subject to
                                                           Nuts shelled),                                          regular review.
                                                           strawberries, root
                                                           vegetables            1
                                                           Cherries, plums, 
                                                           citrus and tropical
                                                           fruit                 3.5

    demeton                1965b,          0.0025
                           1968b

    diazinon               1965b,          0.002           Peaches, citrus                                         Residues to be determined
                           1967b,                          fruit, cherries       0.7                               and expressed as the parent
                           1968b,                                                                                  compound. Residues decline
                           1969b,                          Other fruits          0.5                               rapidly in level during
                           1971                            Leafy vegetables      0.7                               storage and shipment; the
                                                           Other vegetables      0.5                               tolerances are based on
                                                           - Wheat, barley,                                        residues likely to be found
                                                           rice (polished)       0.1                               at harvest or slaughter
                                                           - Almonds, walnuts,                                     (see monograph).
                                                           filberts, pecans,
                                                           peanuts (shelled)     0.5

    APPENDIX I (cont'd)
                                                                                                                                                 
                           FAO/WHO          Maximum
                           publication      acceptable                                    Practical residue
                           dates            daily intake   Tolerances                     limits
    Pesticide              (see list of     (mg/kg body    (ppm) 2                        (ppm) 2                  Remarks
                           references) 1    weight)

                                                             Blank spaces indicate no recommendations made
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                           - Cottonseed, 
                                                           sunflower seed,
                                                           sunflower seed        0.5
                                                           - Sweet corn
                                                           (kernels and cob 
                                                           with husks removed)   0.7
                                                           - Olives and  
                                                           olive oil             2
                                                           - Fat of meat of 
                                                           cattle, sheep and 
                                                           hogs                  0.7

    dichlofluanid          1970b

    dichlorvos             1967b,          0.004           - Cocoa beans         5                                 Content of dichloro-
                           1968b,                          - Raw grain (wheat,                                     acetaldehyde (DCA)
                           1970b,                          rice, rye, oats,                                        to be reported where
                           1971                            barley, maize,                                          possible.
                                                           sorghum, etc.)        2
                                                           - Milled products                                       The tolerances are based on
                                                           from raw grain        0.5                               residues likely to be found
                                                           - Coffee beans, soya                                    at harvest or slaughter.
                                                           beans, lentils,                                         Residues decline rapidly
                                                           peanuts               2                                 during storage or shipment
                                                           Mushrooms             0.5                               (see monograph).
                                                           Fresh vegetables                                        The tolerance for
                                                           (except lettuce)      0.5                               "miscellaneous food items,
                                                           - Lettuce             1                                 not otherwise specified",

    APPENDIX I (cont'd)
                                                                                                                                                 
                           FAO/WHO          Maximum
                           publication      acceptable                                    Practical residue
                           dates            daily intake   Tolerances                     limits
    Pesticide              (see list of     (mg/kg body    (ppm) 2                        (ppm) 2                  Remarks
                           references) 1    weight)

                                                             Blank spaces indicate no recommendations made
                                                                                                                                                 

    Dichlorvos                                             - Tomatoes            0.5                               for example bread, cakes,
    (cont'd)                                               Fresh fruit (apples,                                    cheese, cooked meats, etc.,
                                                           pears peaches,                                          is intended to cover
                                                           strawberries, etc     0.1                               residues resulting from  
                                                           - Meat of cattle,                                       usage of dichlorvos for pest
                                                           sheep, goats, pigs,                                     control purposes in storage
                                                           and poultry           0.5                               in warehouses, shops, etc.
                                                           - Eggs (shell-free)   0.5                               Tolerance recommendations
                                                           - Milk (whole)        0.02                              no longer listed as
                                                           - Miscellaneous food                                    temporary.
                                                           items not otherwise 
                                                           specified             0.1

    dicofol                1969b           0.025           Fruit, hops,          5                                 - Previous distinction
                           1971                            vegetables, tea                                         between blended and straight
                                                                                                                   tea deleted.

    dieldrin               1967b,          0.0001          - Asparagus, broccoli,         - Carrots,               Practical residue limit for
                           1968b,                          Brussels sprouts,              lettuce,                 shell-free eggs is 
                           1969b,                          cabbage, cauliflower,          fat of meat   0.2        equivalent to 0.25 ppm in 
                           1970b,                          cucumber, eggplant,            - Milk and               egg yolk. Limits apply to 
                           1971                            horseradish, onions,           milk                     aldrin and dieldrin singly 
                                                           parsnips, peppers,             products                 or together and expressed 
                                                           pimentoes, radishes,           (fat basis)   0.15       as dieldrin. Not now listed 
                                                           radish tops           0.1                               as temporary.
                                                           Fruit (other than              Raw cereals
                                                           citrus)               0.1      (other than
                                                           Citrus fruit          0.05     rice)         0.02
                                                           - Rice (rough)        0.02     Eggs (shell-
                                                           - Potatoes            0.2      free)         0.1

    APPENDIX I (cont'd)
                                                                                                                                                 
                           FAO/WHO          Maximum
                           publication      acceptable                                    Practical residue
                           dates            daily intake   Tolerances                     limits
    Pesticide              (see list of     (mg/kg body    (ppm) 2                        (ppm) 2                  Remarks
                           references) 1    weight)

                                                             Blank spaces indicate no recommendations made
                                                                                                                                                 

    difolatan
    (see captafol)

    dimethoate             1968b           0.02            Tree fruit (including 2                                 Residues to be determined
                                                           citrus)                                                 as dimethoate and its oxygen
                           1971                            Tomatoes and peppers  1                                 analogue and expressed as
                                                           Other vegetables      2                                 dimethoate. Tolerances no
                                                                                                                   longer temporary.

    dimethrin              1965b

    dinocap                1970b

    dioxathion             1969b           0.0015          Pome fruit            5 b                               Residues of cis-and trans-
                                                           Grapes                2 b                               isomers of principal active
                                                           Citrus fruit          3 b                               ingredient to be determined
                                                           Meat, excluding                                         and expressed as sum of both.
                                                           poultry (fat basis)   1 b

    diphenyl               1967b,          0.125           Citrus fruit          110
                           1968b

    diphenylamine          1970b           0.025           Apples                10

    diquat (cation)        1971            0.002 d         Rice (in husk)        5 d
                                                           Rape seed, sorghum    2 d
                                                           Peas, beans, 
                                                           sunflower seed        0.1 d

    APPENDIX I (cont'd)
                                                                                                                                                 
                           FAO/WHO          Maximum
                           publication      acceptable                                    Practical residue
                           dates            daily intake   Tolerances                     limits
    Pesticide              (see list of     (mg/kg body    (ppm) 2                        (ppm) 2                  Remarks
                           references) 1    weight)

                                                             Blank spaces indicate no recommendations made
                                                                                                                                                 

                                                           Onions, potatoes, 
                                                           maize, rice  
                                                           (polished)            0.1 d
                                                           Edible oils (sesame 
                                                           seed, sunflower seed, 
                                                           rape seed,
                                                           cottonseed)           0.1 d

    dithiocarbamates,      1965b,          0.025 b                                                                 ADI applies to parent
    dimethyl               1968b,                                                                                  compound or to sum of 
    (ferbam,               1971                                                                                    residues of all compounds 
    thiram, and ziram)                                                                                             present.

    dithiocarbamates,      1965b,          0.025 b                                                                 ADI applies to parent
    ethylene bis           1968b,                                                                                  compound or to sum of 
    (mancozeb, maneb, and  1971                                                                                    residues of all compounds 
    zineb, including zineb                                                                                         present (see mancozeb).
    derived from nabam
    plus zinc sulfate)

    DNOC                   1965b

    endosulfan             1968b,          0.0075          Fruit, vegetables     2 a                               To be measured and reported
                           1969b                                                                                   as total endosulfan A and
                                                                                                                   B and endosulfan sulfate.

    APPENDIX I (cont'd)
                                                                                                                                                 
                           FAO/WHO          Maximum
                           publication      acceptable                                    Practical residue
                           dates            daily intake   Tolerances                     limits
    Pesticide              (see list of     (mg/kg body    (ppm) 2                        (ppm) 2                  Remarks
                           references) 1    weight)

                                                             Blank spaces indicate no recommendations made
                                                                                                                                                 

    endrin                 19651b,         0.0002          Cottonseed,                    Milk and                 All recommendations are
                           1971                            cottonseed oil                 milk                     total figures for endrin
                                                           (crude)               0.1      products                 plus delta-keto-endrin.
                                                           Edible cottonseed and          (fat basis)   0.02
                                                           maize oil             0.02     Fat of
                                                           Apples, wheat,                 poultry       1
                                                           barley, sorghum, rice          Eggs (shell-
                                                           (husked and/or                 free)         0.2
                                                           polished)             0.02

    ethion                 1969b,          0.00125         Grapes                2 b                               The proviso "at slaughter"
                           1970b                           Other fruit           1 b                               made for meat at 1968
                                                           Vegetables            0.5 b                             Meeting withdrawn. 
                                                           - Tea                 7 b                               Distinction between blended 
                                                           Meat (fat basis)      2.5 b                             and straight tea withdrawn.

    ethoxyquin             1970            0.06            Apples, pears         3                                 ADI and tolerances
                                                                                                                   erroneously designated as
                                                                                                                   temporary in Appendix I of
                                                                                                                   Ref. 1970a.

    ethylene               1967b,                                                                                  Analytical method should
    dibromide              1968b,                                                                                  differentiate between 
                           1970a                                                                                   original compound and 
                                                                                                                   inorganic bromine.
                                                                                                                   New data on residues in
                                                                                                                   foods to be included in
                                                                                                                   1971 review (see entry for
                                                                                                                   bromide).

    APPENDIX I (cont'd)
                                                                                                                                                 
                           FAO/WHO          Maximum
                           publication      acceptable                                    Practical residue
                           dates            daily intake   Tolerances                     limits
    Pesticide              (see list of     (mg/kg body    (ppm) 2                        (ppm) 2                  Remarks
                           references) 1    weight)

                                                             Blank spaces indicate no recommendations made
                                                                                                                                                 

    ethylene               1965c,
    dichloride             1968b,
                           1970a

    ethylene               1965c,
    oxide                  1969b
                           1970a

    fenchlorfos            1969b           0.01            Whole milk            0.04 b                            Residues of fenchlorfos and
                                                           Egg yolk              0.05 b                            oxygen analogues to be
                                                           Meat (fat basis)      7.5 b                             determined and expressed
                                                                                                                   as fenchlorfos.

    fentin                 1971            0.0005          Celery      )         1                                 Triphenyl tin considered in
    compounds                                              Sugarbeet,  ) see     0.2                               FAO/WHO 1965b. Tolerances
                                                           carrots     ) remarks                                   on root crops expressed
                                                           Potatoes,   )                                           on "soil free" basis.
                                                           celeriac    )         0.1                               Tolerances to refer to the
                                                           Peanuts (shelled)     0.05                              total amount of fentin
                                                                                                                   compounds present, expressed
                                                                                                                   as fentin hydroxide.
                                                                                                                   (Inorganic tin is not
                                                                                                                   included in these
                                                                                                                   tolerances.)

    APPENDIX I (cont'd)
                                                                                                                                                 
                           FAO/WHO          Maximum
                           publication      acceptable                                    Practical residue
                           dates            daily intake   Tolerances                     limits
    Pesticide              (see list of     (mg/kg body    (ppm) 2                        (ppm) 2                  Remarks
                           references) 1    weight)

                                                             Blank spaces indicate no recommendations made
                                                                                                                                                 

    ferbam                 1965b,          0.025 a                                                                 See dithiocarbamates.
                           1968b

    fenitrothion           1970b           0.001 c         Apples, cherries,              Milk products
                                                           grapes, lettuce       0.5 c    (fat basis)   0.05c
                                                           Red cabbage, tea               Meat or fat
                                                           (green at harvest)    0.3 c    of meat       0.03c
                                                           Tomatoes              0.2 c    Milk (whole)  0.002c
                                                           Cocoa                 0.1 c


    folpet                 1970b           0.16 c          Currants (fresh)      30 c                              Recommendations apply only
                                                           Grapes, blueberries   25 c                              to parent compound.
                                                           Cherries, raspberries 15 c
                                                           Apples, citrus fruit  10 c
                                                           Tomatoes, 
                                                           strawberries          5 c
                                                           Cucumber, cantaloupe
                                                           (whole), water melon
                                                           (whole), onions       2 c

    formothion             1970b                           Strawberries          0.3                               Residues present as
                                                           Black currants        2                                 dimethoate to be covered by
                                                                                                                   recommendations for
                                                                                                                   dimethoate.

    APPENDIX I (cont'd)
                                                                                                                                                 
                           FAO/WHO          Maximum
                           publication      acceptable                                    Practical residue
                           dates            daily intake   Tolerances                     limits
    Pesticide              (see list of     (mg/kg body    (ppm) 2                        (ppm) 2                  Remarks
                           references) 1    weight)

                                                             Blank spaces indicate no recommendations made
                                                                                                                                                 

    heptachlor             1967b,          0.0005          - Pineapple (edible   0.01     - Milk and               Residues of heptachlor and
                           1968b,                          portions)                      milk                     its epoxide to be determined
                           1969b,                                                         products                 separately and the sum to
                           1970b,                                                         (fat basis)   0.15       be expressed as
                           1971                                                                                    heptachlor.
                                                                                          - Fat of meat            Practical residue limits
                                                                                          and poultry   0.2        apply to residues resulting
                                                                                                                   from applications to soil or
                                                                                                                   seed only.
                                                                                                                   Recommendations no longer
                                                                                                                   listed as temporary.
                                                                                          - Raw cereals,
                                                                                          tomatoes,
                                                                                          cottonseed,
                                                                                          soya beans,
                                                                                          edible
                                                                                          soya bean
                                                                                          oil           0.02
                                                                                          - Vegetables
                                                                                          (except
                                                                                          where 
                                                                                          otherwise 
                                                                                          specified), 
                                                                                          eggs
                                                                                          (shell-free)  0.05
                                                                                          - Carrots     0.2
                                                                                          - Crude soya
                                                                                          bean oil      0.5
                                                                                          - Citrus
                                                                                          fruit         0.01

    APPENDIX I (cont'd)
                                                                                                                                                 
                           FAO/WHO          Maximum
                           publication      acceptable                                    Practical residue
                           dates            daily intake   Tolerances                     limits
    Pesticide              (see list of     (mg/kg body    (ppm) 2                        (ppm) 2                  Remarks
                           references) 1    weight)

                                                             Blank spaces indicate no recommendations made
                                                                                                                                                 

    hexachlorobenzene      1970b           (see                                           Fat of cattle,           Tentative negligible daily
                                           remarks)                                       sheep, goats,            intake of 0.0006 mg/kg
                                                                                          and poultry.  1c         established. (To be
                                                                                          Eggs (shell-             reviewed in 1973. See 
                                                                                          free)         1 c        monograph.)

                                                                                          Milk
                                                                                          products      0.3 c
                                                                                          Raw wheat     0.05 c
                                                                                          Cereal 
                                                                                          products
                                                                                          (from wheat), 
                                                                                          milk (whole)  0.01 c

    hydrogen cyanide       1965c,          0.05            Raw cereals           75
                           1969b                           Flour                 6

    hydrogen               1967b,          Not             Flour and other 
    phosphide              1968b,          necessary       milled cereal                                           "Only items to be cooked"
                           1970b           (see            products, breakfast                                     deleted at 1969 meeting.
                                           remarks)        cereals, dried                                          subject to restrictions in
                                                           vegetables, spices    0.01                              use (FAO/WHO, 1968, p. 17),
                                                           Raw cereals           0.1                               residues not delectable at
                                                                                                                   time of consumption.

    lead                   1959b
    (as lead arsenate)

    APPENDIX I (cont'd)
                                                                                                                                                 
                           FAO/WHO          Maximum
                           publication      acceptable                                    Practical residue
                           dates            daily intake   Tolerances                     limits
    Pesticide              (see list of     (mg/kg body    (ppm) 2                        (ppm) 2                  Remarks
                           references) 1    weight)

                                                             Blank spaces indicate no recommendations made
                                                                                                                                                 

    lindane                1967b           0.0125          Raw cereals           0.5      Eggs (yolk)   0.2        Referred to as "gamma"
                           1968b,                          Vegetables            3        Milk and                 BHC prior to 1967.
                           1969b,                          Cranberries,                   milk
                           1971                            cherries, grapes,              products (fat
                                                           plums, and                     basis)        0.1
                                                           strawberries          3
                                                           Fat of meat                    Poultry (fat
                                                           (cattle, pigs, sheep) 2        basis         0.7
                                                           Beans (dried)         1

    malathion              1967b,          0.02            Raw cereals, nuts,                                      The tolerances are based on
                           1968b,                          dried fruits          8                                 residues likely to be found
                           1969b,                          Whole meal and flour                                    at harvest. Residues decline
                           1971                            from rye and wheat    2                                 rapidly during storage or
                                                           Citrus fruit          4                                 shipment (see monograph).
                                                           Blackberries, 
                                                           raspberries, 
                                                           lettuce, endive,
                                                           cabbage, spinach      8
                                                           Cherries, peaches,
                                                           plums                 6
                                                           Broccoli              5
                                                           Tomatoes, kale,
                                                           turnips               3
                                                           Beans (green), apples 2
                                                           Strawberries, celery  1

    APPENDIX I (cont'd)
                                                                                                                                                 
                           FAO/WHO          Maximum
                           publication      acceptable                                    Practical residue
                           dates            daily intake   Tolerances                     limits
    Pesticide              (see list of     (mg/kg body    (ppm) 2                        (ppm) 2                  Remarks
                           references) 1    weight)

                                                             Blank spaces indicate no recommendations made
                                                                                                                                                 

    malathion                                              Pears, blueberries, 
    (cont'd)                                               peas (in pod), 
                                                           cauliflower, peppers, 
                                                           eggplant, kohlrabi, 
                                                           roots (except
                                                           turnips), Swiss
                                                           chard, collards       0.5

    mancozeb               1968b,          0.025 b         - Potatoes            1 b                               Temporary tolerance applies
                           1971                                                                                    to parent compound or to
                                                                                                                   sum of all dithiocarbamates
                                                                                                                   present.

    maneb                  1965b,          0.025 a                                                                 See dithiocarbamates.
                           1968b

    methoxychlor           1965b           0.1

    methyl                 1967b,                                                                                  See entry under "bromide
    bromide                1968b,                                                                                  (inorganic)" for
                                                                                                                   recommendations
                                                                                                                   pertaining to inorganic
                                                                                                                   bromide residues from
                                                                                                                   methyl bromide.
    mevinphos              1965b

    MGK 264                1968b

    APPENDIX I (cont'd)
                                                                                                                                                 
                           FAO/WHO          Maximum
                           publication      acceptable                                    Practical residue
                           dates            daily intake   Tolerances                     limits
    Pesticide              (see list of     (mg/kg body    (ppm) 2                        (ppm) 2                  Remarks
                           references) 1    weight)

                                                             Blank spaces indicate no recommendations made
                                                                                                                                                 

    nabam                  1965b,          0.025 a                                                                 See entries for
                           1968b,                                                                                  "dithiocarbamates" and
                                                                                                                   "zineb".

    organomercurial        1967b,                                                         1968b page 208           FAO/WHO, 1967b monograph
    compounds              1968b                                                          suggests possible        is entitled "phenylmercury
                                                                                          figures                  acetate".

    orthophenylphenol
    (see 2-phenylphenol)

    oxydemeton-methyl      1968b,          Withdrawn                                                               Previous to 1968b referred
                           1969b           at Joint                                                                to as demeton-S-
                                           Meeting                                                                 methylsulfoxide
                                           in 1968
                                           (Ref.
                                           1969b)

    oxythioquinox          1969b                                                                                   (Renamed
                                                                                                                   quinomethionate.)

    paraquat (cation)      1971            0.0007 d        Cottonseed            0.2 d
                                                           Potatoes              0.1 d
                                                           Cottonseed meal,
                                                           cottonseed oil
                                                           (edible), sugar
                                                           cane juice            0.05 d

    APPENDIX I (cont'd)
                                                                                                                                                 
                           FAO/WHO          Maximum
                           publication      acceptable                                    Practical residue
                           dates            daily intake   Tolerances                     limits
    Pesticide              (see list of     (mg/kg body    (ppm) 2                        (ppm) 2                  Remarks
                           references) 1    weight)

                                                             Blank spaces indicate no recommendations made
                                                                                                                                                 

    parathion              1965b,          0.005           Vegetables (except                                      Reexamination of data at
                           1968b,                          carrots)              0.7                               1969 Meeting showed that
                           1970b,                          Peaches, apricots,                                      tolerance recommendations
                           1971                            citrus fruit          1                                 for two groups of fruit had
                                                           Other fresh fruit     0.5                               been recorded wrongly in
                                                                                                                   previous reports.
                                                                                                                   - Recommendations no longer
                                                                                                                   temporary.

    parathion-methyl       1969b           0.001 b         Fruit, cole crops,
                                                           cucurbits             0.2 b
                                                           Other vegetables      1 b
                                                           Cottonseed oil        0.05 b

    phenyl mercury                                                                                                 (See organomercurial
    acetate                                                                                                        compounds.)

    2-phenylphenol                         1               Cantaloupes (whole)   120                               Residues expressed as
    (and sodium salt)                                      Pears                 25                                2-phenylphenol.
                                                           Carrots, peaches      20                                Referred to as 
                                                           Sweet potatoes,                                         ortho-phenylphenol on
                                                           apples, plums                                           p. 18 of FAO/WHO 1969a.
                                                           (including fresh 
                                                           prunes)               15
                                                           Citrus fruit, 
                                                           cucumbers, peppers,
                                                           cantaloupes (edible
                                                           portions), pineapple,
                                                           tomatoes              10

    APPENDIX I (cont'd)
                                                                                                                                                 
                           FAO/WHO          Maximum
                           publication      acceptable                                    Practical residue
                           dates            daily intake   Tolerances                     limits
    Pesticide              (see list of     (mg/kg body    (ppm) 2                        (ppm) 2                  Remarks
                           references) 1    weight)

                                                             Blank spaces indicate no recommendations made
                                                                                                                                                 

    2-phenylphenol                                         Cherries, nectarines  3
    (and sodium salt) (cont'd)

    phosphamidon           1965b,          0.001           Raw cereals           0.1 b                             Residues to be determined
                           1967b,                          Apples, pears         0.5 b                             by cholinesterase inhibition
                           1969b                           Citrus fruit          0.4 b                             and results expressed as
                                                           Other fruit, cole                                       phosphamidon.
                                                           crops                 0.2 b                             Entry for "other vegetables"
                                                           Tomatoes, lettuce,                                      erroneously omitted from
                                                           cucumbers,                                              tables in reports on 1968
                                                           water-melons          0.1 b                             and 1969 meetings.
                                                           Other vegetables 
                                                           (except root
                                                           vegetables, for which
                                                           a tolerance is not
                                                           required)             0.2 b

    phosphine                                                                                                      (See hydrogen phosphide.)

    piperonyl              1967b,          0.03 b          Raw cereals           20 b                              Only data for codfish
    butoxide               1968b,                          Fresh fruit and                                         examined at 1969 Meeting.
                           1970                            vegetables,  dried 
                                                           fruit and vegetables,
                                                           oil-seeds, tree nuts  8 b
                                                           Dried codfish         1 b

    propham                1965b

    APPENDIX I (cont'd)
                                                                                                                                                 
                           FAO/WHO          Maximum
                           publication      acceptable                                    Practical residue
                           dates            daily intake   Tolerances                     limits
    Pesticide              (see list of     (mg/kg body    (ppm) 2                        (ppm) 2                  Remarks
                           references) 1    weight)

                                                             Blank spaces indicate no recommendations made
                                                                                                                                                 

    pyrethrins             1967b,          0.04 b          Raw cereals           3 b                               Only data for codfish
                           1968b,                          Fresh fruit and                                         examined at 1969 Meeting.
                           1970b                           vegetables, dried 
                                                           fruit and vegetables,
                                                           oil-seeds, tree nuts  1 b
                                                           Dried codfish         0.1 b

    quinomethionate        1969b                                                                                   Listed in 1969b as
                                                                                                                   oxythioquinox,
                                                                                                                   subsequently
                                                                                                                   renamed.

    quintozene             1970b           0.001 c         Mushrooms             10 c
                                                           Peanuts (whole)       5 c
                                                           Bananas (whole)       1 c
                                                           Lettuce, peanuts
                                                           (kernels)             0.3 c
                                                           Beans (navy),
                                                           potatoes              0.2 c
                                                           Tomatoes              0.1 c
                                                           Cottonseed            0.03 c
                                                           Broccoli, cabbage     0.02 c
                                                           Bananas (pulp), 
                                                           beans (other then 
                                                           navy), peppers (bell) 0.01 c

    2,4,5-T                1971

    APPENDIX I (cont'd)
                                                                                                                                                 
                           FAO/WHO          Maximum
                           publication      acceptable                                    Practical residue
                           dates            daily intake   Tolerances                     limits
    Pesticide              (see list of     (mg/kg body    (ppm) 2                        (ppm) 2                  Remarks
                           references) 1    weight)

                                                             Blank spaces indicate no recommendations made
                                                                                                                                                 

    thiabendazole          1971            0.05            Citrus fruit          6
                                                           Bananas               3
                                                           Bananas (pulp)        0.4

    thiometon              1970b

    thiram                 1965b,          0.025 a                                                                 See dithiocarbamates.
                           1968b

    toxaphene              1969b

    trichloroethylene      1969b                                                                                   1969 Meeting decided not
                                                                                                                   necessary to continue to
                                                                                                                   study this compound.

    tricyclohexyltin       1971            0.0075 d        Apples, pears         2 d                               Expressed as the parent
    hydroxide                                                                                                      compound.

    triphenyltin           1965b                                                                                   Also see fentin compounds.

    zineb                  1965b,                                                                                  (Including zineb derived
                           1968b                                                                                   from nabam plus zinc
                                                                                                                   sulfate.)
                                                                                                                   See dithiocarbamates.

    ziram                  1965b,          0.025 a                                                                 See dithiocarbamates.
                           1968b

                                                                                                                                  
    1 The dates of publication refer to the first complete or completely revised monograph. Where more than one date is given, 
      later dates refer to addenda to the monograph in the first reference. Where a monograph has been completely revised no mention 
      is made of any earlier obsolete ones. Where the only date given is 1971, the compound was considered at the 1970 Joint Meeting
      for the first time.

    2 Unless otherwise indicated, the tolerances and practical residue limits should apply as soon as practicable after harvest 
      to the raw agricultural products moving in commerce and prior to processing. For commodities entering international trade the 
      tolerances are applicable at the point of entry into a country or as soon as practicable thereafter.

    - Indicates additions or modifications made by the 1970 Joint Meeting concerning compounds considered at previous meetings.

    a Temporary : results of work to be made available not later than 30 June 1971.
    b Temporary : results of work to be made available not later than 30 June 1972.
    c Temporary : results of work to be made available not later than 30 June 1973.
    d Temporary : results of work to be made available not later than 30 June 1974.
    
    





















    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations