|AMMONIUM HYDROXIDE (10%-35% solution)||ICSC: 0215 (May 2018)|
Ammonia aqueous solution (10-35%)
| CAS #: 1336-21-6
| UN #: 2672
|EC Number: 215-647-6
|ACUTE HAZARDS||PREVENTION||FIRE FIGHTING|
|FIRE & EXPLOSION||Not combustible. See Notes.||In case of fire in the surroundings, use appropriate extinguishing media. In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.|
|STRICT HYGIENE! IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!|
|Inhalation||Cough. Sore throat. Burning sensation. Laboured breathing. Shortness of breath.||Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.||Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention.|
|Skin||Redness. Pain. Blisters. Serious skin burns.||Protective gloves. Protective clothing.||Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower for at least 15 minutes. Refer immediately for medical attention .|
|Eyes||Redness. Pain. Blurred vision. Severe burns.||Wear face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.||Rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible). Refer immediately for medical attention.|
|Ingestion||Sore throat. Vomiting. Abdominal pain.||Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.||Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Give one or two glasses of water to drink. Refer for medical attention .|
|SPILLAGE DISPOSAL||CLASSIFICATION & LABELLING|
|Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus. Ventilation. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Cautiously neutralize spilled liquid with dilute acid such as dilute sulfuric acid. Wash away remainder with plenty of water.||
According to UN GHS Criteria
DANGERMay be corrosive to metals
Harmful if swallowed
Causes severe skin burns and eye damage
May cause respiratory irritation
Very toxic to aquatic life
|Store in an area without drain or sewer access. Separated from food and feedstuffs. See Chemical Dangers. Cool. Well closed. Keep in a well-ventilated room. Provision to contain effluent from fire extinguishing. See Notes.|
Put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container.
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
|AMMONIUM HYDROXIDE (10%-35% solution)||ICSC: 0215|
|PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL INFORMATION|
Physical State; Appearance
|EXPOSURE & HEALTH EFFECTS|
Routes of exposure
Effects of short-term exposure
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
|OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS|
TLV: 18 mg/m3, 25 ppm, as TWA; 27 mg/m3 as STEL.
MAK: 14 mg/m3, 20 ppm; peak limitation category: I(2); pregnancy risk group: C
|The substance is very toxic to aquatic organisms.|
|Be aware that ammonia gas can evolve from ammonia solution.
Ammonia vapour is flammable and explosive under certain conditions.
See ICSC 0414.
Do NOT completely fill bottles with the substance; strong solutions may develop pressure.
Release caps with care.
Melting points range from -3°C (4%) to -69°C (28%). Another boiling point is 25°C (32%).
Other UN numbers are: UN 2073 Ammonia solution, relative density of less than 0.880 at 15°C in water, with more than 35% but no more than 50% ammonia; UN 3318 Ammonia solution, relative density of less than 0.880 at 15°C in water, with more than 50% ammonia.
Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested.
|All rights reserved. The published material is being distributed without warranty of any kind, either expressed or implied. Neither ILO nor WHO nor the European Commission shall be responsible for the interpretation and use of the information contained in this material.|
See Also: Toxicological Abbreviations