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LITHIUM CARBONATE
ICSC: 1109
Peer-Review Status: 19.10.1999 Validated
Carbonic acid, lithium salt
Dilithium carbonate 
CAS #: 554-13-2 RTECS #: OJ5800000
EINECS #: 209-062-5
    Formula: Li2CO3
Molecular mass: 73.9

TYPES OF
HAZARD /
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS / SYMPTOMS      PREVENTION      FIRST AID / FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Not combustible.    In case of fire in the surroundings, use appropriate extinguishing media. 
EXPLOSION      
 
EXPOSURE   PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST! AVOID EXPOSURE OF (PREGNANT) WOMEN!   
Inhalation Cough. Headache. Nausea. Sore throat.  Use local exhaust or breathing protection.  Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention. 
Skin Redness. Pain.  Protective gloves.  Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention . 
Eyes Redness. Pain.  Wear safety spectacles or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.  First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention. 
Ingestion Abdominal cramps. Diarrhoea. Drowsiness. Unconsciousness. Vomiting.  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.  Rinse mouth. Give one or two glasses of water to drink. Refer for medical attention . 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL
PACKAGING & LABELLING
Personal protection: particulate filter respirator adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Sweep spilled substance into covered containers. If appropriate, moisten first to prevent dusting. Wash away remainder with plenty of water.  Do not transport with food and feedstuffs. 
EC Classification
 
UN Classification
 
GHS Classification
 

EMERGENCY RESPONSE SAFE STORAGE
  Separated from food and feedstuffs and fluorine. Well closed. 

IMPORTANT DATA
Physical State; Appearance
WHITE POWDER. 

Physical dangers
 

Chemical dangers
The solution in water is a weak base. Reacts violently with fluorine. 

Occupational exposure limits
TLV (NOT-ESTABLISHED):. 

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its aerosol and by ingestion. 

Inhalation risk
Evaporation at 20°C is negligible; a harmful concentration of airborne particles can, however, be reached quickly when dispersed, especially if powdered. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance is irritating to the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
The substance may have effects on the central nervous system and kidneys. May cause reproductive toxicity in humans. 


PHYSICAL PROPERTIES ENVIRONMENTAL DATA
Decomposes at 1310°C
Melting point: 723°C
Density: 2.1 g/cm³
Solubility in water, g/100ml: 1.3 (poor) 
 

NOTES
Camcolit, Candamide, Carbolith, Eskalith, Hypnorex, Lithane, Lithicarb, Lithinate, Lithotabs, Micalith, Plenur, Priadel and Quilonum retard are trade names. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
 

IPCS
International
Programme on
Chemical Safety
WHO ILO EC Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety and the European Commission
© IPCS 2004-2012
LEGAL NOTICE Neither the EC nor the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the EC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information.


    See Also:
       Toxicological Abbreviations
       Lithium carbonate (PIM 309F, French)