|NITROMETHANE||ICSC: 0522 (October 1997)|
| CAS #: 75-52-5
| UN #: 1261
|EC Number: 200-876-6
|ACUTE HAZARDS||PREVENTION||FIRE FIGHTING|
|FIRE & EXPLOSION||Flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire. Vapour/air mixtures are explosive. Risk of fire and explosion on contact with incompatible substances. See Chemical Dangers. See Notes.||NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking. Above 35°C use a closed system, ventilation and explosion-proof electrical equipment. Do NOT expose to friction or shock.||Use water spray, powder, alcohol-resistant foam, carbon dioxide. In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. Combat fire from a sheltered position.|
|PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS!|
|Inhalation||Cough. Drowsiness. Headache. Nausea. Sore throat. Unconsciousness. Vomiting.||Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.||Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention. See Notes.|
|Skin||Dry skin. Redness.||Protective gloves.||Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower.|
|Eyes||Redness.||Wear safety goggles.||First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.|
|Ingestion||See Inhalation.||Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.||Refer for medical attention .|
|SPILLAGE DISPOSAL||CLASSIFICATION & LABELLING|
|Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: filter respirator for organic gases and particulates adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Remove all ignition sources. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations. Do NOT absorb in saw-dust or other combustible absorbents.||
According to UN GHS Criteria
|Fireproof. Separated from incompatible materials. See Chemical Dangers. See Notes.|
|PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL INFORMATION|
Physical State; Appearance
|EXPOSURE & HEALTH EFFECTS|
Routes of exposure
Effects of short-term exposure
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
|OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS|
TLV: 20 ppm as TWA; A3 (confirmed animal carcinogen with unknown relevance to humans).
MAK: skin absorption (H); carcinogen category: 3
|Will turn shock-sensitive if contaminated with acids, bases, metal oxides, hydrocarbons and other combustible materials.
Combustion in a confined space may turn into detonation.
The odour warning when the exposure limit value is exceeded is insufficient.
Symbol: Xn; R: 5-10-22; S: (2)-41
|All rights reserved. The published material is being distributed without warranty of any kind, either expressed or implied. Neither ILO nor WHO nor the European Commission shall be responsible for the interpretation and use of the information contained in this material.|
See Also: Toxicological Abbreviations Nitromethane (IARC Summary & Evaluation, Volume 77, 2000)