|ACETONE CYANOHYDRIN||ICSC: 0611 (March 1998)|
| CAS #: 75-86-5
| UN #: 1541
|EC Number: 200-909-4
|ACUTE HAZARDS||PREVENTION||FIRE FIGHTING|
|FIRE & EXPLOSION||Combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire. Above 74°C explosive vapour/air mixtures may be formed.||NO open flames. Above 74°C use a closed system and ventilation.||Use powder, AFFF, foam, carbon dioxide. In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. NO direct contact with water. Combat fire from a sheltered position.|
|AVOID ALL CONTACT! IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!|
|Inhalation||Convulsions. Cough. Dizziness. Headache. Laboured breathing. Nausea. Shortness of breath. Unconsciousness. Vomiting. Irregular heartbeat. Chest tightness.||Use closed system or ventilation.||Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention.|
|Skin||MAY BE ABSORBED! Redness. Pain. See Inhalation.||Protective gloves. Protective clothing.||Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer for medical attention .|
|Eyes||Redness. Pain.||Wear face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.||First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.|
|Ingestion||Abdominal cramps. Burning sensation. Convulsions. Unconsciousness. See Notes. See Inhalation.||Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.||Rinse mouth. Refer for medical attention .|
|SPILLAGE DISPOSAL||CLASSIFICATION & LABELLING|
|Personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Sweep spilled substance into covered containers. Carefully collect remainder. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.||
According to UN GHS Criteria
|Provision to contain effluent from fire extinguishing. Separated from strong bases, acids, water and food and feedstuffs. Well closed. Keep in a well-ventilated room.|
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
|ACETONE CYANOHYDRIN||ICSC: 0611|
|PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL INFORMATION|
Physical State; Appearance
Formula: (CH3)2C(OH)CN / C4H7NO
|EXPOSURE & HEALTH EFFECTS|
Routes of exposure
Effects of short-term exposure
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
|OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS|
|TLV: 5 mg/m3 (ceiling value); (skin)|
|The substance is very toxic to aquatic organisms. Avoid release to the environment in circumstances different to normal use.|
|The occupational exposure limit value should not be exceeded during any part of the working exposure.
Specific treatment is necessary in case of poisoning with this substance; the appropriate means with instructions must be available.
Hazard and toxicity of this substance is due to its major metabolite - hydrogen cyanide (see ICSC 0492).
Symbol: T+, N; R: 26/27/28-50/53; S: (1/2)-7/9-27-45-60-61
|All rights reserved. The published material is being distributed without warranty of any kind, either expressed or implied. Neither ILO nor WHO nor the European Commission shall be responsible for the interpretation and use of the information contained in this material.|
See Also: Toxicological Abbreviations