Highly flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire. Above 16°C explosive vapour/air mixtures may be formed.
NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking. Above 16°C use a closed system, ventilation and explosion-proof electrical equipment.
Use water spray, powder, foam, carbon dioxide. In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS!
Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest.
First rinse with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, then remove contaminated clothes and rinse again.
Wear safety spectacles.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting.
CLASSIFICATION & LABELLING
Evacuate danger area! Ventilation. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations. Do NOT wash away into sewer. Personal protection: filter respirator for organic gases and vapours adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance.
According to UN GHS Criteria
Transportation UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 3; UN Subsidiary Risks: 6.1; UN Pack Group: II
Separated from food and feedstuffs, oxidants, acids, bases and alumina. Cool. Well closed. Keep in a well-ventilated room.
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs. Marine pollutant.
PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL INFORMATION
Physical State; Appearance COLOURLESS LIQUID WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.
Physical dangers The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible.
Chemical dangers Decomposes on heating. This produces hydrogen chloride and phosgene.
Formula: C3H6Cl2 / CH2ClCH2CH2Cl
Molecular mass: 113.0
Boiling point: 120°C Melting point: -99°C Relative density (water = 1): 1.19 Solubility in water, g/100ml at 20°C: 0.3 Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 2.4 Relative vapour density (air = 1): 3.9 Flash point: 16°C o.c. Explosive limits, vol% in air: see Notes Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 2.0
EXPOSURE & HEALTH EFFECTS
Routes of exposure The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation and by ingestion.
Effects of short-term exposure The substance is irritating to the eyes, skin and respiratory tract.
Inhalation risk No indication can be given about the rate at which a harmful concentration of this substance in the air is reached on evaporation at 20°C.
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS
Explosive limits are unknown in literature, although the substance is combustible and has a flash point < 61°C. Insufficient data are available on the effect of this substance on human health, therefore utmost care must be taken.
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