In case of fire in the surroundings, use appropriate extinguishing media.
STRICT HYGIENE! AVOID EXPOSURE OF (PREGNANT) WOMEN! IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!
Cough. Sore throat. Burning sensation. Laboured breathing. Shortness of breath. Symptoms may be delayed. See Notes.
Use local exhaust or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Refer for medical attention.
Redness. Pain. Skin burns. Blisters.
Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap.
Redness. Pain. Severe burns.
Wear safety goggles or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.
Burning sensation. Abdominal pain. Nausea. Vomiting. Shock or collapse.
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.
Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Give one or two glasses of water to drink. Refer for medical attention .
CLASSIFICATION & LABELLING
Personal protection: particulate filter respirator adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Sweep spilled substance into covered containers. Carefully collect remainder. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.
According to UN GHS Criteria
Transportation UN Classification
Separated from strong acids. Well closed.
PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL INFORMATION
Physical State; Appearance YELLOWISH HYGROSCOPIC CRYSTALS OR WHITE POWDER.
Chemical dangers Decomposes on heating. This produces toxic and corrosive fumes. Reacts with strong acids.
Molecular mass: 221.2
Sublimation point: 500°C Melting point: 586°C Density: 3.46 g/cm³ Solubility in water: very soluble
EXPOSURE & HEALTH EFFECTS
Routes of exposure The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation and by ingestion.
Effects of short-term exposure The substance is corrosive to the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. Inhalation may cause lung oedema. See Notes.
Inhalation risk A harmful concentration of airborne particles can be reached quickly when dispersed, especially if powdered.
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure The substance may have effects on the kidneys. This may result in kidney impairment. Animal tests show that this substance possibly causes malformations in human babies.
OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS
TLV: (as In): 0.1 mg/m3, as TWA; BEI issued
Environmental effects from the substance have not been investigated adequately.
The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort. Rest and medical observation are therefore essential.
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